The History of West Caldwell, NJ

The personal injury attorneys in West Caldwell, NJ, at Garden State Justice Group would like to share some interesting facts about the township and its history.

West Caldwell

The township of West Caldwell is located in the northwestern region, or West Essex area, of Exxex County, New Jersey. It covers 3,270.4 acres and includes 12.8 acres of water, such as branches of the Passaic River. Some of the nearby towns include North Caldwell, Roseland, Fairfield, and Singac. 


Up until 1981, the township was a borough that the New Jersey Legislature incorporated in 1904. Initially, the area helped to form the Horsenect Tract. Settlers purchased the tract in the early 18th century from the Lenape Native Americans. The natives gave the area its name due to the shape of the area resembling the head and neck of a horse. This tract included the present-day communities: 

  • Caldwell
  • Cedar Grove
  • Essex Fells
  • Fairfield
  • North Caldwell
  • Roseland
  • Verona

While the outer edges of the town were primarily farms and swampland, the center along Bloomfield Avenue was well developed by the late 1880s. This area included many of the businesses and residential development. This section became the township separating itself from the other portions of the borough. Within the township are the following unincorporated communities:

  • Ferncliff
  • Franklin
  • Pine Brook Bridge
  • Westville


The community is home to several parks for the residents to enjoy. These include:

  • Memorial Park
  • Crane Park
  • Richard Park

The Mountain Ridge Country Club that sits along the northwest portion of the township, takes up 282 acres. The country club opened in 1912 with a softball celebration because not too many of the early members knew how to play golf. David Hunter, a professional golfer from the Essex County Country Club, designed the first nine-hole course. However, the club's initial area was deemed troublesome, and they moved to its current site in 1929. The new course was designed by Donald Ross, a prominent golf course architect. 


The schools the residents attend are part of the Caldwell-West Caldwell Public School District, which has roots as far back as 1872. In 2017, there were 2,655 students enrolled within the district and 218 teachers. Some of the schools include:

  • Harrison School
  • Jefferson Elementary School
  • Lincoln School
  • Washington Elementary School
  • Wilson Elementary School
  • James Caldwell High School


In 2010, the township had 10,759 people, 3,913 households, and 2,962 families within its borders. This was a decrease of 4.2% from the population counted in 2000. The breakdown of the races within the townspeople was the following:

  • 92.91% white 
  • 1.26% African American
  • 4.86% Hispanic or Latino
  • 0.05% Native American
  • 3.91% Asian
  • 0.02% Pacific Islander
  • 0.73% other races
  • 1.12% two or more races

The median income per township household was $102,584 in 2010 versus $83,396 in 2000. Some of the commonly occupied professions within the working population of the township include the following:

  • 16.0% Management
  • 14.0% Administrative
  • 11.4% Sales and Related
  • 8.1% Education
  • 6.3% Business
  • 6.1% Food Service
  • 4.6% Healthcare

To learn more: Getting to Know the History of Caldwell, NJ

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Wayne, NJ 07470
(862) 310-6392

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Shane Sullivan, Esq.
Date Published: August 5, 2021
Shane Sullivan, Esq. is a New Jersey Board Certified Civil Trial Lawyer that represents those who were injured or the family's of those killed by the negligence of others in personal injury lawsuits throughout New Jersey.
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